Violence in Oxford Student Dictionary of English means behavior which harms or damages somebody or something physically. Others mean is great force or energy like the violence of the storm. The program is to give a set of instruction to a computer. The example is to make it perform a particular task. In mean used in show place inside or to a position inside a particular area or object. Television means a piece of electrical equipment in the shape of the box. It has a glass screen which shows programmes with moving picture and sounds. Other mean about television is the electrical systems and business of sending out programmes so that people can watch them on their television sets.
The television violence act 1990 began in the 1950s. The Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency of the Committee on the Judiciary under Senators Kefauver and later Dodd conducted investigation into this area in 1954, 1955, 1961-1962 and 1964. These early studies represent the beginning of a long continuum of research on violence on television and its effect on society especially children.
The average child watches about twenty-seven hours on television per week. In fact many children spend more time in front of the television than they do in the classroom. It is therefore reasonable to conclude that television likely has some impact on a child’s learning process. Arnold Fege testified before Congress in 1988: or some children, television act as the electronic baby-sitter and as a surrogate parent. With a T.V in 96% of all American household T.V, obviously have major effects on the attitudes, education and behavior of the children.
The networks have not reduced the amount of violence on television. At least five reasons explain why network televisions opt for violence programming. First violence programming is a cheaper to produce than sophisticated drama, and it is far more profitable. Secondly is action shows require less talented, less expensive actors than drama. Third, the networks have found that violent shows sell much more quickly in foreign markets than drama or comedy. Fourth is violence is also much easier to depict in cartoons than humor because producers of cartoons rely on an assembly line approach to churn out six to eight minute episodes, each with standard plots and characters. According to George Gerbner, producers can develop new cartoon merely by using the same plots and types of characters but by hanging the cast. Finally, violence programming attracts a large audience and therefore advertisers are more likely to purchase space on such programs.
The conclusion is protecting children is a worthy goal and it is indeed hard to ignore the substantial social science data that links television with violence in society because the children can follow the violence action like superman and others.